Alaska is the world's largest exclave of earth with about 750.000 inhabitants. Alaska has its only land border with Canada to the east and is also the westernmost and northernmost state of the United States of America. In addition, Alaska borders the Pacific Ocean in the south, the Bering Sea to the west, and the North Polar Sea to the north.
Alaska is mostly very mountainous and the highest elevation of the land area is the Mount McKinley with 6.190 meters, also the highest mountain in North America. The largest river in the country is the Yukon River.
The vast land area of Alaska consists of large forest areas, almost 1.100 lakes inland and countless fjords in the coastal areas.
Alaska's largest cities include Anchorage, Juneau, Sitka, Fairbanks, College, Ketchikan, Wasilla, Kodiak, Palmer, Bethel, and Homer.
Alaska has significant oil reserves, making it one of the richest states in the United States. In addition to oil, the state surface of Alaska has other natural resources such as copper, iron, gold, silver, tin, coal and lead to offer. Another important source of income is wood products, salmon, cod and paper products.
Alaska's major attractions include Glacier Bay National Park, Denali National Park, Seward and Kenai Fjords National Park, the scenic Alaska Railroad, White Pass and Yukon Route Railway, McKinley Explorer, and Denali Star Train and Juneau Whale Watching, the Kenai Fjords, the Pitchfork Waterfalls, the Tracy Arm Fjord in Juneau, the Brooks Waterfalls, the Russian River Waterfalls, the Hubbard Glacier, the Antique Car Museum in Fairbanks, the Reindeer Farm in Fairbanks, the Nuggets Waterfalls, the Mount Marathon in Seward and the Misty Fjords National Monument in Ketchikan.
The capital of Alaska is Juneau with only about 34.000 inhabitants. As a special feature, the remote city has no road access to the outside world, but can only be reached by plane or boat.
By far the largest and most important city in Alaska is Anchorage with about 310.000 inhabitants. Anchorage is located in the south of Alaska and is the economic and tourist center of the US state.
The city of Anchorage has the main port, the two universities and the largest theater in Alaska. Other major attractions include the Alaska Zoo, Anchorage Museum, Earthquake Park, Jewish Museum, Hilltop Ski Area, Portage Glacier near Anchorage, Alyeska Cable Car to Alyeska Ski Area, Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center, Museum of Local History , the station building, the St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church, the Holy Family Cathedral, the Captain Cook Monument, the Anchorage Alaska Temple, the historic City Hall, the Alaska Stehood Monument, the City Park and the famous Ship Creek with its millions of salmon.
In July 2017 I visited the only time Alaska for four days. I arrived in Alaska after about 22 hours of travel time from Panama, after a total of three flights with stops in Mexico City and Los Angeles.
Anchorage is a great city in summer, not crowded with tourists, where you can just feel good.
On the first day, I took a bus tour of the city in the morning, and in the afternoon I visited the Hard Rock Cafe and watched the many fishermen hunt for the coveted king salmon on Ship Creek.
For the second day I already booked a full day excursion a few weeks before, for 220, - US Dollar. In a minivan with an interesting international cast, we headed up to the Alyeska ski resort with the state-of-the-art cable car, then on a breathtaking boat trip to the Portage Glacier and last stop to the Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center.
It was a fantastic day with so many highlights, such as the unique landscape in Alyeska, the huge glacier with its bright blue colors, the many bears, reindeer and musk oxen in the zoo or just the imposing Seward Highway thrilling every kilometer is and never gets boring.
Every day I spent at least two hours at the legendary Ship Creek watching the many salmon fishermen.
Alaska gave me an unforgettable time and is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating destinations in the world. The city of Anchorage is for me as well, the most pleasant city in which I have ever been.
Alaska, one day you will certainly see me again.