Visa and entry requirements Mongolia:
No visa is required
Information from the Foreign Office on your trip to Mongolia:
Mongolia is a land locked country in Central Asia with about 3,2 million inhabitants. The country borders on Russia to the north and China in the other directions.
The official language of the country is Mongolian and the national currency is the Mongolian Tugrik used, while 1, - Euro about 3.000, - corresponds to MNT.
Mongolia's largest cities include Ulaanbaatar, Erdenet, Darchan, Mörön, Choibalsan, Ölgi, Nalaich and Ulaangom. Much of the Mongolian population is committed to the Buddhist faith.
Mongolia is the world's most sparsely populated state, consisting mainly of a hilly steppe landscape and the Gobi Desert in the south of the country. The highest elevation in Mongolian territory, the 4.374 meter high Chüiten summit in the western Altai Mountains.
Mongolia, which covers an area of about 2.400 by 1.300 kilometers, is one of the most resource-rich countries in the world. The many mineral resources include gold, silver, diamonds, petroleum, molybdenum, copper, coal, tungsten and zinc.
Another important industry in the country is livestock, where, among other things, goats, sheep, horses, yaks, cattle and camels are bred. Agriculture plays a rather subordinate role because of the severe winters and poor soils. Potatoes, cereals, beans, cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots, garlic, onions and peas are grown there primarily for their own use.
Although the vast landscape of Mongolia has some fantastic scenery to offer, the tourism industry in the country has so far been very little developed. The often very long and cold winters as well as the long distances make the country rather unattractive for foreign visitors.
Mongolia's major attractions include Altai Tavan Bogd National Park, Hustai National Park, Gorkhi Terelj National Park, Yolyn Am Valley, Heritage Museum and Erdene Monastery in Kharakhorum, Gobi Desert, Lake Hovsgol National Park, Orkhon Valley, Terkhlin Tsagaan Nuur National Park, Amarb Hiyd Amarbayasgalant Monastery, Chenresig Temple, Manzshir Monastery, National Art Gallery, Marco Polo Statue, Bogd Khan Uul National Park, the State Opera, the 13. Century National Park, Central Railway Station, Genghis Khan Square, Zaisan Memorial, Museum of Local History, Gandan Monastery, Lama Temple Museum, Ghengis Khan Statue Complex, Golden Statue of Goddess Janraisig, Winter Palace of Gogd Khan, the Dsaisan Monument, the central Sükhbaatar Square, the Houses of Parliament, the Dashchoilin Monastery, the Orthodox Church, the Peter and Paul Cathedral, the Peace Bridge, the City Hall and the Ulan Bator Art Museum.
The capital and by far the largest city of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar with about 1,6 million inhabitants. Ulaanbaatar, or Ulan Bator, is the political, cultural and economic center of the country and is located at an altitude of about 1.400 meters. Almost half of the entire Mongolian population lives in the capital.
In September 2016 I visited Mongolia for three days, the only time so far. My previously booked hotel, right on the central main square of Ulan Bator, was the starting point for my full-day tour and a subsequent evening stroll.
My inexpensive tour with a local taxi driver initially took me to the very impressive Ghengis Khan statue complex, about an hour from Ulan Bator. Then we drove to a monastery in the fantastic, colorful autumn mountains and a long visit to a local nomad family who had just slaughtered a goat. In the afternoon all the highlights of the capital Ulaanbaatar were on the program.
After this eventful and exciting day, I let the evening end in my cozy hotel restaurant, with delicious Mongolian specialties. Before the night's sleep, I took a little walk to the nearby and beautifully lit Süchbaatar Square, the absolute center of the capital.
The next day I flew back to Beijing, where the next adventure North Korea was waiting for me.